By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Constantine's father, Romanos II, was the sixth Byzantine emperor of the Macedonian dynasty. Quarrels, however, broke out between the sisters; and, in order to secure her position, Zoe married Constantine IX Monomachus, a man of good family, with whom she shared the throne until her death. Romanus III was already 59 years old when he was forced to divorce his wife and marry the Empress Zoë, the daughter of the dying emperor Constantine VIII. The daughter of the emperor Constantine VIII, Zoe was married to the heir presumptive, Romanus III Argyrus, in 1028 and became empress consort upon his elevation to the throne the same year. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Zoë, 11th century. She was the second daughter of Constantine VIII and Helena, daughter of Alypius. 1 Zoë (Greek: Ζωή "life"), the daughter of Constantine VIII, succeeded her father on his death as the only surviving member of the Macedonian dynasty, along with her sister Theodora. He wasn’t a bad ruler but he also was not entirely effective. Jesus Christ flanked by Empress Zoe (right) and Emperor Constantine IX Monomachus (left), votive mosaic; in the Hagia Sophia, Istanbul. Zoë was one of the few Byzantine empresses who was Porphyrogenita, or "born into the purple" (that is, she was born to a reigning emperor). Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Early life: c. 978 – 1028 Zoë was one of the few Byzantine empresses who was Porphyrogenita, or "born into the purple" (that is, she was born to a reigning emperor). Her husband, Romanus III Romanus III (Romanus Argyrus) , c.968–1034, Byzantine emperor (1028–34). He was married about 976 in Constantinople, Constantinople, Turkey to Helena emperor of the byzanthine empire, they gave birth to 1 child. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Meet extraordinary women who dared to bring gender equality and other issues to the forefront. Zoë was the daughter of Byzantine emperor Constantine VIII, who kept her from marrying to preclude political competition from a husband. [3] Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Zoë zō´ē , c.978–1050, Byzantine empress (1028–50), daughter and successor of Constantine VIII. Contemporaries called Theophano the most beautiful woman in Christendom as well as ambitious, an inveterate schemer and utterly amoral. Romanus III was already 59 years old when he was forced to divorce his wife and marry the Empress Zoë, the daughter of the dying emperor Constantine VIII. Omissions? This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Zoe-Byzantine-empress. Mosaic of Constantine's daughter Zoë at the Hagia Sophia Basil II had an illustrious reign, earning the sobriquet "Bulgar-slayer" (Bulgaroktonus). Her husband, Romanus III, soon neglected her and in 1034 was found murdered, probably by Zoë and her lover Michael. Typological Distribution; Measurement Analysis; APIs His brother Basil II, the senior co-ruler, prevented his nieces from marrying any of the Byzantine nobility, as this would have given their husbands a claim on the imperial throne. Konstantin was born in 960, in Constantinople. She was the second daughter of Constantine VIII and his wife Helena. Constantine and Helena had three children - all girls. She married the courtier that same day, proclaiming him Emperor Michael IV. Zoë was Porphyrogenita, "born into the purple"; this was the appellation for a child born in the capital to a reigning emperor. He loved food and consumed an enormous amount of food in public, like Henry VIII. Zoë Porphyrogenita: The Empress Zoë (978 – 1050) and her Husbands. Possessed of a strong and austere character, she refused the hand of the heir-presumptive, Romanus, who was married instead to her sister Zoë (1028). Constantine III (Latin: Heraclius Novus Constantinus; Greek: Ἡράκλειος νέος Κωνσταντῖνος, Herákleios néos Kōnstantînos; 3 May 612 – 20 April or 24/26 May 641) was the shortest reigning Byzantine emperor, ruling for four months in 641.He was the eldest son of the … Her father had become co-emperor in 962 and sole emperor in 1025. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Zoë was one of the few Byzantine empresses who was Porphyrogenita, [1] or "born into the purple" (that is, she was born to a reigning emperor). Zoe was the second child to her father with his wife Helena. Her father had become co-emperor in 962 and sole emperor in 1025. Zoë was first married when she was 50 years old at the request of her father to insure stability in the empire. Her father had become co-emperor in 962 and sole emperor in 1025. She was finally married at the age of fifty to Romanos III, Constantine’s heir. a common spelling variant of Zoë born 978, Constantinople died 1050, Constantinople Byzantine empress. In 1034 the emperor became ill, allegedly poisoned by Zoe; and, upon his death on April 11, she at once took control and married Michael, who was proclaimed Emperor Michael IV. Aged eight, Constantine was engaged to a daughter of Emperor Boris II of Bulgaria but in the end he married a Byzantine aristocrat, Helena, daughter of Alypius. By Helena he had three daughters: Eudokia, who became a nun; Zoë , who was empress for 22 years; and Theodora , who reigned for 18 months and was the last of the Macedonian line. Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Constantine VIII has received more than 249,197 page views. Corrections? He died in 1034, perhaps poisoned by her, and she married her lover and chamberlain, who became Michael IV. She was the second daughter of Constantine VIII and his wife Helena. Once Constantine VIII died in 1028, Romanus quickly became ruler. He wasn’t a bad ruler but he also was not entirely effective. [2] Her father had become co-emperor in 962 and sole emperor in 1025. THEODORA (d. 1057), daughter of the emperor Constantine VIII. Theodora, the elderly daughter of Constantine VIII who had ruled with her sister Zoe since 1042, was recalled from her retirement and named empress. Zoë reigned as Byzantine Empress alongside her sister Theodora from April 19 to June 11, 1042. ... Zoe Porphyrogenita was born in 978, in Constantinople, to Constantine Viii and Helena, Daughter of Alypius. Constantine tried to intervene, but he fell ill and died on January 11 of the following year. In 1045 the Macedonian Dynasty was involved in the culmination of a lengthy period of political turmoil that revolved around Zoë Porphyrogenita, daughter of Constantine VIII who died in 1028. Zoë was Porphyrogenita, "born into the purple"; this was the appellation for a child born in the capital to a reigning emperor. Zoë is said to have fallen in love with a courtier named Michael, and in 1034 Romanos was found dead under suspicious circumstances. Once Constantine VIII died in 1028, Romanus quickly became ruler. Constantine IX Monomachus, Emperor of Constantinople married Zoë, Empress of Constantinople, daughter of Constantine VIII, Emperor of Constantinople, after 1041. Zoë Porphyrogenita. As women they were unable to exercise any state authority; their only say in this was in … In 1045 the Macedonian Dynasty was involved in the culmination of a lengthy period of political turmoil that revolved around Zoë Porphyrogenita, daughter of Constantine VIII who died in 1028. 1 He succeeded as the Emperor Constantine IX of Constantinople in 1042. Her three husbands, Romanos III (1028–1034), Michael IV (1034–1041) and Constantine IX … Constantine IX Monomachos, Latinized as Constantine IX Monomachus (Template:Lang-grc-x-medieval; c. 1000 – 11 January 1055), reigned as Byzantine emperor from 11 June 1042 to 11 January 1055. After the death of his first wife, Bertha (who took the name Eudocia), daughter of Hugh of Arles, he fell in love with and married an innkeeper's daughter from the Peloponnese, Theophano. Theodora, the elderly daughter of Constantine VIII who had ruled with her sister Zoë, was recalled and named empress. She was the second daughter of Constantine VIII and Helena, daughter of Alypius. Constantine tried to intervene, but he fell ill and died on January 11 of the following year. Her father became co-emperor in 962 and sole emperor in 1025. She was finally married at the age of fifty to Romanos III, Constantine’s heir. Zoë was one of the few Byzantine empresses who was Porphyrogenita, or "born into the purple" (that is, she was born to a reigning emperor). Her father Constantine, was a man of enormous size - "nine feet tall" - was also very fat. She was the second daughter of Constantine VIII and Helena, daughter of Alypius. 31 likes. This double-portrait mosaic in the south gallery of the church of Hagia Sophia shows the Byzantine empress Zoe Porphyrogenita (c. 978 – 1050) and her third husband, emperor Constantine IX Monomachos (c. 1000 – 1055), donating money and ongoing imperial revenue to Christ as … Brooklyn, New York 11238-6052, Elizabeth A.Sackler Center for Feminist Art, Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art. Updates? Her father became co-emperor, at the age of two, in 962. She became self-assertive and jealous, exiling her sister Theodora to a monastery; and, neglected by her husband, became enamoured of Michael, her young Paphlagonian chamberlain. Zoë Porphyrogenita, born in Constantinople in 980, was the second of three daughters of Helena of Alypia and Constantine VIII, the last male heir of the great Macedonian Dynasty. She bore Romanos four children, including Constantine, born in 960, and his elder brother Toggle navigation. The daughter of the emperor Constantine VIII, Zoe was married to the heir presumptive, Romanus III Argyrus, in 1028 and became empress consort upon his elevation to the throne the same year.She became self-assertive and jealous, exiling her sister Theodora to a monastery; and, neglected by her husband, became enamoured of Michael, her young Paphlagonian chamberlain. Aged eight, Constantine was engaged to a daughter of Emperor Boris II of Bulgaria but in the end he married a Byzantine aristocrat, Helena, daughter of Alypius. As her epithet Porphyrogenita (born in the purple) implies, Zoë's father was co-emperor … Zoë was born in 978 to the Emperor Constantine VIII and the Empress Helena, the second of their three daughters. She and her sister Theodora III dethroned Michael and became co-rulers until Zoë married, this time to Constantine IX. Basil II died childless on 15 December 1025 and thus left the rule of the Byzantine Empire in Constantine's hands. She was the second daughter of Constantine VIII and Helena, daughter of Alypius. Zoë, Keizerin van Byzantië Argyros the Paphlagonian (born Porphyrogenita) was born in 978, at birth place, to Konstantin VIII av BYSANTINSKA RIKET and Helena Byzantine aristocrat, daughter of Alypius av BYSANTINSKA RIKET. Browse IDs; Research Tools . Her father became co-emperor, at the age of two, in 962. The third daughter of the emperor Constantine VIII, Theodora possessed a strong and austere character and refused the hand of the heir presumptive, Romanus, who was married instead to her sister Zoe (1028). : 503 She was Porphyrogenita,: 259 "born into the purple"; this was the appellation for a child born in the capital to a reigning emperor. By Helena he had three daughters: Eudokia, who became a nun; Zoë, who was empress for 22 years; and Theodora, who reigned for 18 months and was the last of the Macedonian line. Read more on Wikipedia. Theodora was the third and youngest daughter of the Byzantine Emperor Constantine VIII and Helena, daughter of Alypius. From overcoming oppression, to breaking rules, to reimagining the world or waging a rebellion, these women of history have a story to tell. When Michael V was deposed by a Byzantine mob, then blinded and exiled to a monastery (April 1042), Zoe and her sister Theodora were proclaimed coempresses on Easter Tuesday, 1042. Though living in retirement she excited Zoë’s jealousy, and on a pretext of conspiracy was confined in a monastery. Zoe, also spelled Zoë, (born c. 978, Constantinople [now Istanbul, Turkey]—died 1050, Constantinople), Byzantine empress, by marriage from 1028 and in her own right from 1042. Michael IV died in 1041 and was succeeded by Michael V Calaphates. 1 He died in 1055. The daughter of Constantine VIII, she married Romanus III Argyrus in 1028. They adopted his sister’s child, Michael V, as their heir; he became emperor in 1041 and expelled Zoë, but she was recalled by popular demand. Zoë Monomachos (born Porphyrogenita) was born in 978, at birth place, to Konstantin av Byzantium and Helena av Byzantium (born av Alypius). Hagia Sophia, Istanbul, 200 Eastern Parkway Zoë (zō`ē), c.978–1050, Byzantine empress (1028–50), daughter and successor of Constantine VIII.Zoë was first married when she was 50 years old at the request of her father to insure stability in the empire. His biography is available in 46 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 44 in 2019). Appendix: Emperors of Constantinople - Lost to the West: The Forgotten Byzantine Empire That Rescued Western Civilization - by Lars Brownworth He had been chosen by the Empress Zoë as a husband and co-emperor in 1042, although he had been exiled for conspiring against her previous husband, Emperor Michael IV the Paphlagonian. 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